ground


ground
I UK [ɡraʊnd] / US noun
Word forms "ground":
singular ground plural grounds
***
1) [singular/uncountable] the top part of the Earth's surface that people walk on

I fell to the ground.

on the ground:

People were sitting on the ground in small groups.

above/below ground:

They were working 250 metres below ground.

a) [singular] the layer of soil and rock that forms the Earth's surface

the destruction caused by getting coal out of the ground

b) [singular/uncountable] the soil nearest the Earth's surface in which you can grow plants

Prepare the ground for planting.

sandy/marshy/stony/boggy ground

2) [uncountable] an area of land

an acre of ground

open ground (= an area of land without trees or buildings):

She had to cross open ground to get to the sea.

waste ground (= an area of land that is not used for anything):

a piece of waste ground about 60 feet square

a) [countable] an area of land and the structures on it that are intended to be used for a particular purpose

soldiers on the parade ground

the polo grounds

b) [countable] an area of land or sea where a particular thing happens

the birds' summer feeding grounds

a traditional fishing ground

c) grounds
[plural] the land, gardens, and lawn that surround a large house or other building

She found him wandering around the grounds.

maintenance of the buildings and grounds

3) [countable, usually plural] a reason for what you say or do, or for being allowed to say or do something
ground for:

There do seem to be some grounds for their complaints.

reasonable grounds:

He believes he has reasonable grounds for making the demand.

on (the) grounds of:

The Act prohibits discrimination on the grounds of sex or marital status.

on medical/legal/financial etc grounds:

The army turned him down on medical grounds.

on the grounds that:

They oppose the bill on the grounds that it is too restrictive.

4) [singular/uncountable] the subject, idea, or information being talked about or written about

Henry seems anxious to return to more familiar ground.

cover ground:

We'll be covering a lot of new ground in today's lecture.

go (back) over the same ground:

There's no point in going over the same ground twice.

5) [singular/uncountable] an environment in which ideas can develop
fertile ground:

Germany in the 1920s and 30s was fertile ground for such ideas.

6) [singular/uncountable] someone's set of opinions or attitudes
the moral high ground (= opinions or standards that are morally better than other people's):

It's a bit late to start claiming the moral high ground.

See:
7) [uncountable] the level of success or progress that someone or something has achieved
lose/gain ground:

Most stock markets lost ground after their recent gains.

regain ground:

In Athenian politics, democratic views had been regaining ground.

8) [countable] American an electrical earth
9) [countable] art a colour used as a background or first layer on a painting, drawing etc
10) grounds
[plural] extremely small pieces of crushed coffee beans, especially after they have been used for making a drink of coffee

get (something) off the ground — if you get a project off the ground, you start it and make it successful. You can also say that a project gets off the ground

No volunteers came forward to enable the youth club to get off the ground.

run/work/drive someone into the ground — to make someone work very hard, until they are so tired that they cannot work any more

You have to be careful that you don't work yourself into the ground.

safe/firm ground — something that is likely to be correct or accepted

Diplomatically, she tried to shift the conversation to firmer ground.

stand/hold your ground — to not move when someone attacks you or is going to attack you; to refuse to change your opinions, beliefs, or decisions despite pressure to change them

No one thought less of him for standing his ground.

See:
break I, cut I

II UK [ɡraʊnd] / US verb
Word forms "ground":
present tense I/you/we/they ground he/she/it grounds present participle grounding past tense grounded past participle grounded
1) [transitive] to stop a plane from leaving the ground, or to stop people from flying somewhere

All of their planes have been grounded.

2) [transitive] to punish a child or young person by stopping them from going to places that they enjoy

His parents grounded him for two weeks for smoking.

3) [intransitive/transitive] if a boat grounds or is grounded, it hits a rock or the ground under the water
4) [transitive, often passive] to base a decision or idea on a particular thing
be grounded in/on something:

Any new policies need to be firmly grounded in careful analysis of the issues.

5) [transitive, often passive] to teach someone the basic parts of a subject
be grounded in something:

Trainees are grounded in the basic skills.

6) [transitive] American to earth a piece of electrical equipment
7) [transitive] mainly journalism in sport, to put or hit the ball into the ground, or to make it roll along the ground

III UK [ɡraʊnd] / US adjective
1) crushed, especially for use in cooking

freshly ground black pepper

the smell of ground coffee

2) [only before noun] happening on the surface of the earth, especially in comparison with things happening in the air

If aerial attacks fail, the only alternative would be a ground assault.


IV UK [ɡraʊnd] / US
the past tense and past participle of grind I

English dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ground — (ground), n. [OE. ground, grund, AS. grund; akin to D. grond, OS., G., Sw., & Dan. grund, Icel. grunnr bottom, Goth. grundus (in composition); perh. orig. meaning, dust, gravel, and if so perh. akin to E. grind.] 1. The surface of the earth; the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ground — ground1 [ground] n. [ME grund < OE, ground, bottom, akin to Ger grund, ON grunnr: for IE base see GRIND] 1. a) Obs. the lowest part, base, or bottom of anything b) the bottom of a body of water 2. the surface of the earth, specif. the solid… …   English World dictionary

  • ground — [1] ► NOUN 1) the solid surface of the earth. 2) land of a specified kind: marshy ground. 3) an area of land or sea with a specified use: fishing grounds. 4) (grounds) an area of enclosed land surrounding a large house. 5) (grounds …   English terms dictionary

  • ground — 1 n 1: the foundation or basis on which knowledge, belief, or conviction rests: a premise, reason, or collection of data upon which something (as a legal action or argument) relies for validity sued the city on the ground that the city...had… …   Law dictionary

  • Ground — may refer to: * The surface of the Earth * Soil, a mixture of sand and organic material present on the surface of the Earth * Ground (electricity), in electrical engineering, something that is connected to the Earth or at the voltage defined as… …   Wikipedia

  • ground — (ground), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {grounded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {grounding}.] 1. To lay, set, or run, on the ground. [1913 Webster] 2. To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, reason, or principle; to furnish a ground for; to fix firmly. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ground — ground, imp. & p. p. of {Grind}. [1913 Webster] {ground cock}, a cock, the plug of which is ground into its seat, as distinguished from a compression cock. Knight.{Ground glass}, glass the transparency of which has been destroyed by having its… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ground — s.n. (Sport; rar) Teren de joc. [pron. graund. / < engl. ground]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 20.04.2005. Sursa: DN  GROUND /gráund/ s. n. 1. Teren de sport, gazonat. 2. (muz.) Basso ostinato. Din engl. Ground Trimis de bla …   Dicționar Român

  • ground in — [phrasal verb] ground (someone) in (something) : to give (someone) basic knowledge about (something) The study helped to ground them in the methods of research. often used as (be) grounded in …   Useful english dictionary

  • ground — ground, grounds Both the singular and the plural are used in the expressions on the ground (or grounds) that, and grounds is more common in the expression grounds for (complaint etc.): • Occupations that various insurance companies consider to be …   Modern English usage

  • ground — [n] earth, land arena, dirt, dust, field, landscape, loam, old sod, park, real estate, sand, sod, soil, terra firma, terrain, turf; concept 509 Ant. heavens, sky ground [v1] base, set; educate acquaint, bottom, coach, discipline, establish,… …   New thesaurus


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